Oscar Fingal Wills Wilde was born in Dublin, the second son of a surgeon. In 1874 he entered Magdalen College, Oxford and graduated with a First Class Degree in Classical Moderations in 1876. In 1895 Wilde charged the Marquess of Queensberry with criminal libel, having been, in his opinion, publicly insulted by the Marquess, due to Queensberry's strong disapproval of Wilde's friendship with his son, Lord Alfred Douglas. Following Lord Queensberry's acquittal on this charge, Wilde was arrested for acts of gross indecency with other male persons, was subsequently found guilty and was sentenced to 2 years imprisonment with hard labour. While in Prison he was declared bankrupt. Following his release he went to Italy to join Lord Alfred Douglas. He died from cerebral meningitis in Paris on 30th November 1900.